Researchers have invested a great deal of effort in exploring these issues so that we may begin to understand or explain why some individuals engage in sexually abusive behaviors, and so that we are better able to make decisions about the kinds of interventions that may be most effective for certain aspects of this population. This has proven to be much easier said than done, however. Or that the typical rapist is a masked knife—wielding man lurking in a dark alley or hiding behind a bush waiting to jump out and grab an unsuspecting woman who is passing by. And for a variety of reasons, even some criminal justice professionals may seek to identify such a profile for sex offenders. For example, law enforcement agents may have the expectation that if there is a profile of the typical sex offender, it might be easier to identify suspects when incidents of sexual assault are reported and the perpetrators have not yet been caught. Still others, such as some treatment providers or some supervision officers, may hold onto the belief that there is a profile of a sex offender, because it will make it simpler to treat and supervise them. And finally, some professionals may believe that if there truly is a profile, we can identify persons who might be at risk of becoming a sex offender and therefore be able to prevent sex offenses from happening to begin with. Who is the Typical Sex Offender?
Assessment of a Sexual Coercion Prevention Program for Adolescents
Lifestyle changes related to obesity, eating behavior, and physical activity Abstract Lifestyle factors related to obesity, eating behavior, and physical activity play a major role in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. In recent years, there has been progress in the development of behavioral strategies to modify these lifestyle behaviors. Further research, however, is clearly needed, because the rates of obesity in our country are escalating, and changing behavior for the long term has proven to be very difficult.
This review article, which grew out of a National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases conference on behavioral science research in diabetes, identifies four key topics related to obesity and physical activity that should be given high priority in future research efforts:
Indeed, predicting the level of self disclosure that users participated in was directly correlated to the privacy-related concerns of online dating sites. Thus, since URT strategies mitigated these concerns, many users who reported success in online dating engaged in these strategies quite often.
Are callous unemotional traits all in the eyes? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52 3 , Moral judgment and psychopathy. Emotion Review, 3 3 , The neurobiology of psychopathic traits in youths. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 14, Cognitive and neural dysfunction. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 15 2 , Emotion-based learning systems and the development of morality.
48 Psychological Facts You Should Know About Yourself
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The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology publishes original papers in all areas of personality and social.
The taboo surrounding online dating has dissipated as online dating sites have popped up all over the Internet. We now have religion-based dating sites, dating sites according to ethnicity and even dating sites that find partners for millionaires. Dating online can get expensive, but there is hope for those on a budget looking for singles. Facebook offers a great opportunity to meet new singles in a low-pressure environment.
The best part of all is that it’s free. You can easily find singles on Facebook. Meet Singles in your Area! Start a Facebook profile if you do not already have one. You will need a valid email address to do this. Fill out your profile in such a way to make yourself attractive to the opposite sex.
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In part, the popularity of the FAE is due to its uniquely social psychological message: The correspondence bias CB is a related tendency to draw correspondent trait inferences from situationally constrained behavior. Despite the obvious situational constraints, perceivers still tend to infer that the speaker holds a personal attitude corresponding to the speech e. One difference occurs in the dependent variable. The FAE is typically assessed by questions about abstract, global attributions to dispositional versus situational causes Was this behavior caused by the person or the situation?
Some researchers believe that perceivers are sophisticated enough to recognize that both dispositions and situations typically contribute to behavior.
Closely related to trait anger is the possible link between workplace aggression and an aggressive or hostile personality. Last, personal attitudes that sanction revenge as an acceptable behavior predict workplace aggression (Douglas & Martinko , Hepworth & Towler ).
Advanced Search Abstract Objective: To investigate the relative contributions of effortful control reflecting the child’s ability to shift and refocus attention and parental coping- and distress-promoting behaviors to children’s coping and distress during the voiding cystourethrogram VCUG, X-ray of the kidneys. Thirty-two children between ages 2 and 7 years were videotaped undergoing the VCUG.
Children manifested relatively high rates of distress and low rates of coping. Their coping attempts were not associated with reduced rates of distress. The most frequent child coping behavior was distraction. Both effortful control and parent coping-promoting behavior particularly talk about topics other than the VCUG made independent contributions to child coping behavior. Parent distress-promoting behavior particularly reassurance made a strong contribution to child distress behavior.
Factors relating to the child effortful control and parent coping and distress-promoting behaviors both contribute to children’s response to an aversive medical procedure.
Susan Weinschenk , a behavioral scientist. Now we’re highlighting our favorites from the list. All of these posts were republished with permission from Dr. Weinschenk’s blog, The W Blog. Check it out for more insight into how the human brain works. There’s a reason why you can’t resist paying attention to food, sex, or danger.
With social networking sites such as Facebook and twitter, and online dating sites like and eHarmony, individuals have the ability to create images of themselves for social purposes without being constrained by time or space. Internet users visit social networking sites and create strategic profiles to influence how others perceive them.
Fact checked by Marie Ellis Certain personality traits are linked to a tendency toward exceedingly selfish behaviors. There may be a huge gap between the selfishness of a narcissist and that of a psychopath, but current research shows that all negative personality traits share the same dark core. New research suggests there is one core factor that drives all negative personality traits: Egoism, Machiavellianism, moral disengagement, narcissism, psychological entitlement, psychopathy, sadism, self-interest, and spitefulness are all negative personality traits recognized in psychology.
Some of them, such as sadism, rely on other people’s pain and discomfort for personal satisfaction. Others, such as egoism, mean simply that a person is likely to place their own advantage first and foremost. Despite the fact that each of these negative personality traits is characterized by excessive self-absorption and other similar inclinations to different degrees, they all stem from the same dark core, sharing the same psychological basis.
These researchers have decided to call this dark core from which all negative traits are born the “dark factor of personality,” or the “D-factor,” for short. The investigators’ study, the results of which they report in the journal Psychological Review, involved surveying over 2, participants who answered questions about their behavioral and decision-making tendencies. One negative factor to rule them all In three online surveys, the researchers asked participants to what extent they agreed or disagreed with telling statements, including: Moreover, the researchers also assessed the respondents’ selfishness and how likely they were to engage in unethical actions.
This information was then mapped onto the nine negative personality traits named before. After analyzing all the information they had gathered, the investigators concluded that all of those negative personality traits stemmed from the same dark tendencies.
48 Psychological Facts You Should Know About Yourself
The “dark triad” of three personality traits: Sometimes called “dark personality. Psychopathy is a psychological condition in which the individual shows a profound lack of empathy for the feelings of others, a willingness to engage in immoral and antisocial behavior for short-term gains, and extreme egocentricity. Psychopaths do not have the fear response experienced by most of us to the potential negative consequences of criminal or risky behavior and are relatively insensitive to punishment.
They tend not to be deterred from their self-serving behaviors by criminal or social penalties. In conjunction with their unfeeling and incessant drive to take care of themselves, psychopaths are predators, and anyone who can feed their need at the moment is potential prey.
Nov 07, · Physical safety is related to higher academic performance, fewer risky behaviors, and lower dropout rates. Risky behaviors, such as acts of violence, imperil safety for students and staff, and undermine the teaching and learning climate.
Thomas has been involved in diverse projects such as behavior analysis, social network analysis, scam detection, bot detection, matching algorithms, topic modelling and semantic analysis. Here is my interview with him: We use data for a lot of things at PlentyOfFish, both internally and externally. We collect data on successful couples that have used the site and use that information to train and update our matching algorithms via neural networks among other things. What is your approach towards text mining the user profiles and messages?
What kind of insights does it provide? One of the most interesting things about working for PlentyOfFish is getting to work with a huge amount of data on real people. People behave very differently when they know they are answering questions on a survey rather than their natural behavior or descriptions of themselves. This stands in sharp contrast to the sort of BuzzFeed like questionnaires where you might be trying to tailor your answers to get certain results.
In our case, we can see how users and interests cluster together by things like location, gender or age.
Interpersonal Attraction: What Matters First?
Study helps predict which teens may abuse alcohol later in life Dawn Brazell brazell musc. Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina think if health care providers and parents knew that certain factors influence which 12 year olds grow up to abuse alcohol, they could intervene earlier to target these teens. The list was compiled based on demographic, neuropsychological and neuroimaging factors and computed using complex algorithms. That translates to poor outcomes for these youth, including higher rates of violence, missing school, drunk driving, suicide and risky sexual behavior.
It accounts for more than 5, deaths each year. She specializes in understanding the effects of alcohol and marijuana use on adolescent brain development, focusing on the use of structural and functional neuroimaging and neuropsychological testing.
In The Seven Principles for Making Marriage Work, I list the six things that predict divorce. This ability to predict divorce is based in part on my analysis of the newlywed couples who were observed at the “Love Lab” apartment at the University of Washington.
Rolling it around in her hands. She puts her lips on it kissing, gently sucking. After all, “I’m a man. Does it matter that I haven’t turned two yet? This was my first poem, written while attending a gathering of poets and writers who had been sexually abused as children. I won’t focus on the atrocities but concentrate on a different perspective.
Marital satisfaction and break-ups differ across on-line and off-line meeting venues
Relationships and marriages where both partners are kind, nurturing, affectionate, sympathetic, and caring tend to be more satisfying. Despite his somewhat cavalier approach to the subject, Erich Fromm was right—couples who stay together tend to match and be more similar than they are different. It is these similarities and differences that often impact how well two people in a romantic relationship are able to communicate and interact with each other.
In addition, each person also brings background influences into the relationship such as family of origin habits and processes.
The model the researchers developed contained 34 predictors contributing to alcohol use by age 18, including several demographic and behavioral factors, such as being male; having a higher socioeconomic status; early dating; more externalizing behaviors, such .
Advanced Search Abstract Knowledge about how race governs partner selection has been predominantly studied in the United States, yet it is unclear whether these results can be generalized to nations with different racial and immigration patterns. Using a large-scale sample of online daters in nine European countries, we engage in the first cross-national analysis of race-related partner preferences and examine the link between contextual factors and ethnic selectivity.
We provide a unique test of contact, conflict, and in-group identification theories. We show that individuals uniformly prefer to date same-race partners and that there is a hierarchy of preferences both among natives and minority groups. Notable country differences are also found. Europeans living in countries with a large foreign-born population have an increased preference for minority groups.
The ethnically heterogeneous Swiss population displays the strongest preference for minorities, with the more homogenous Poland, Spain, and Italy, the least. Anti-immigrant attitudes are related to stronger in-group preferences among natives. Unexpectedly, non-Arabic minority daters belonging to large-size communities have strong preferences for Europeans. The results have implications for immigrant integration policies and demonstrate that Internet dating allows efficient selection by racial divisions, perpetuating country-specific racial inequalities.
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